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Cosmetic surgery is typically considered to be a type of plastic surgery. Plastic surgery is the term used to describe both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. These two areas of plastic surgery are different.
Cosmetic surgery is typically elective surgery, wherein an individual seeks to reshape
normal structures of the face or body to improve appearance and/or enhance self esteem. Reconstructive surgery is the term used to describe surgeries that are performed on abnormal structures of the face or body. These abnormalities may be the result of developmental abnormalities, congenital defects, infection, tumors, diseases or trauma. The goal is to improve the functioning of affected areas of the body, and in some cases, to achieve a 'normal' looking appearance. Most health insurance plans cover varying levels and costs of reconstructive surgery, but not all.
There are numerous procedures included under the heading of cosmetic surgery. Many have been available for years, whereas others are fairly new.
Almost every part of the head or body can be cosmetically altered, from ears to chins, to breasts and legs. Some of the most popular cosmetic surgery procedures are outlined below.
Botox® is a non-surgical procedure that involves the injection of botulinum toxin into areas of the face in order to temporarily reduce or eliminate forehead creases, frown lines, crows feet, and neck creases. Botox injections temporarily paralyze the muscles that cause
wrinkles, resulting in a smoother skin surface. Recent studies have demonstrated that Botox may be effective in reducing excessive sweating, migraine headaches and muscle spasms in the facial area.
Augmentation mammoplasty enhances the size and shape of a woman's breast. It offers women the ability to enhance breast size, to address a reduction in breast size post pregnancy, and to even out different sized breasts. It is also used to reconstruct a breast post
surgery. The surgery entails inserting an breast implant - a silicone shell filled with either saline or silicone gel - behind the breast.
Mastopexy offers women the ability to reshape and raise sagging breasts. Age, gravity, pregnancy, and nursing all cause the breasts to loose elasticity and firmness, causing them to sag. It is important to note that the effects of a breast lift do not last forever.
Eventually, gravity always wins. Mastopexy also serves to reduce the size of the darker skin that surrounds the nipple, called the areola.
Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure used to repair facial skin by reducing fine wrinkle lines, age spots, acne scars, and 'crow's feet'. Microdermabrasion stimulates the production of collagen and skin cells, combating the effects that age and sun exposure have on facial skin.
Dermabrasion and dermaplaning are methods of surgically scraping the facial skin's top layers to help smooth out surface irregularities. Dermabrasion is often employed to improve skin that has been scarred due to accidents or to earlier surgery. It is also used to smooth
facial wrinkles and remove keratoses, pre-cancerous facial growths. Dermaplaning is often employed to smooth out surfaces scarred by acne. These cosmetic surgical techniques can be used on the entire face, or small sections and are often used in conjunction with other
surgical procedures, including facelifts.
Rhytidectomy is not intended to reverse the aging process, but instead to set the clock back. A face lift removes excess fat from the face, tightens underlying facial muscles, then redrapes the skin of the face and neck. This procedure address the effects of age, stress,
sun exposure, and gravity by removing jowls, fat deposits around the neck, and the deep creases that develop between the nose and mouth as we age.
Liposuction is a surgical procedure that is intended to resculpt the body by removing excess fat. It is typically performed on areas of the body that don't respond well to weight loss efforts, such as the hips, buttocks, abdomen, thighs, upper arms, and chin. There are many
different techniques of liposuction available today, including the tumescent technique, ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty (UAL), and the super-wet technique. A plastic surgeon will determine the best technique to use for a particular circumstance in order to get the best
results with the least amount of recovery time.
Abdominoplasty is a surgical procedure involving the removal of excess fat and skin from the abdomen, while tightening the abdominal muscles. A tummy tuck leaves a scar, the size of which will depend on the original extent of the problem. However, it can greatly reduce the
size and appearance of a protruding abdomen.
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